A dental cavity is the most common and widespread problem in the population. It begins as a minor issue that needs to be taken care of quickly with a dental filling to avoid future complications such as the loss of the tooth.
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A dental cavity generally displays itself as a black or brown stain on the tooth.
The decay process accelerates dependent on the type and level of bacteria surrounding the tooth. A diet high in sugar provides the bacteria with nutrition and the by-product is an acid that attacks our enamel (outer layer of our tooth). During a thorough dental examination the dentist will detect the early stages of a cavity and at this stage the cavity is painless. As the decay process continues, the bacteria will progress towards in the inner layer of the tooth (the pulp) and cause the following:
> Sensitivity to hot and/or cold
> Infection of the pulp and/or dental abscess that may require a root canal
> Irreversible damage to the tooth that can lead to its extraction
Despite it being a common condition and easy to treat, it is highly recommended to create habits to prevent them.
> Avoid the consumption of foods and beverages that are high in sugar and/or sticky
> Maintain good oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing your teeth
> Regular routine check-ups with your dentist and/or preventative treatments such as an application of fluoride or placing sealants on the surfaces of your teeth.
If your dentist diagnoses a dental cavity, they will proceed with a dental filling on the tooth and/or teeth affected the cavity. The dental fillings are done with a material called composite or with white colored porcelain to match the color of your dentition. This treatment can be done with or without local anesthetics. The ultimate goal of treating a dental cavity is to prevent the spreading of the bacteria.
A cavity will attack your enamel first. Once damaged it is very difficult to reestablish its quality and protective function.
Once a cavity begins to get worse, the bacteria will attack the pulp (inner portion of your tooth), causing sensitivity and pain.
Researchers and creators of dental materials have now come up with virtually invisible dental filling materials. The ceramic and composite that is used is white which blends perfectly with the rest of your dentition.
Dental fillings allow decreased sensitivity to hot and cold and allow you to enjoy your meals!